How To Setup Charts In ‘Ruby On Rails’ Web Apps

Written in the Ruby language, Ruby on Rails is an open-source framework. It uses the MVC architecture; where ‘M’ stands for Model, ‘V’ stands for View, and ‘C’ stands for Controller.

Before we go ahead, here’s an interesting fact about Ruby on Rails. Ruby on Rails is consists of two components: Ruby and Rails. Ruby is an object-oriented programming language, while Rails is a web framework—a set of code libraries and data structures that provide generic functionality, which can be used as it is, can be overridden, or further specialized and change.

Moreover, the FusionCharts JavaScript charting library comes with a large number of standard as well as domain-specific charts, widgets, and maps.

The FusionCharts Ruby on Rails wrapper combines the capabilities of FusionCharts and the Ruby on Rails framework to create interactive, data-driven charts.

Now that we have an overview, let’s get started…

Part 1: Including Dependencies

To render FusionCharts using Ruby on Rails, we need to include the following:

Ruby: RubyInstaller gives everything we need to set up a full Ruby development environment on Windows. We will use RubyInstaller to download Ruby 2.3.3.

RubyDevKit: We need to install a suitable RubyDevKit for the above mentioned version of Ruby. Click here and scroll down to find the links for downloading the development kit.

When you execute the file, it’ll ask you for a destination for the files.
Enter a path name with no spaces in it. Click Extract and wait until the process is finished.

Next, you need to initialize the DevKit and bind it to the Ruby installation. To do this, open the command prompt and navigate to the folder you extracted the DevKit into. Initialize it by using the following command:
ruby dk.rb init

After this, install the DevKit, binding it to the Ruby installation, using the following command:
<span style="font-weight: 400">ruby dk.rb install</span>

RubyGems: RubyGems is a package manager. A package manager keeps track of the software that is installed on your computer, and allows you to quickly install new software, upgrade existing software to newer versions, or remove software that you previously installed. Since RubyGems is included in the RubyInstaller, it is automatically installed when Ruby is installed.

Ruby on Rails: We will now install Ruby on Rails using RubyGems. . Type the following command on the command prompt:
gem install rails --version 5.0.0 --no-rdoc --no-ri

In the above command, we’ve said explicitly that we want Ruby on Rails installed without installing RDOC and RI. RDOC and RI, by default a part of the Ruby on Rails installation, are documentation for Rails. However, we are not going to be using this documentation and, that is why, it will make no sense to have them unnecessarily clog up disk space. .

MySQL: We will first download the software (MySQL Installer for windows) from the MySQL website and use the installer to install it on our machine.
Next, we’ll set up a MySQL password. By default, MySQL won’t have a password set up, but we’ll need one to protect our data.

MySQL gem: After installing the MySQL software and setting up a password, we’ll install the MySQL RubyGem. It contains the code that allows Ruby to communicate with the MySQL server. Visit this link and you will find that mysql2 is the most popular gem for communicating with the MySQL server. Install this gem by executing the following command at the command prompt:
gem install mysql2

Server: By default, it uses the puma server.

Part 2: Creating and configuring the project

Step 1: Create the project
Using the command prompt, navigate to your desired directory and use the following command to create a project that uses mysql as the database.
rails new name_of_project -d mysql

After creating the project, use any text editor and edit the config/database.yml file to connect it to the required database. For the sample chart we’ll be creating as part of this tutorial, we’ll name our database,as world. Now, if you refer to the image below, you’ll see that we have set the database name to ‘world’.

Step 3: Launch the project
If all the steps have been followed and executed as instructed, we are now ready to run the puma server by executing the following command from the command prompt:
rails serve

After running the server, go to the url (e.g. http://localhost:3000) shown in the command prompt. It will render a home page, as shown in the image below:

Step 4: Install the FusionCharts Ruby on Rails Gem
You can install the gem directly from the command line prompt. To do this, use the command given below:
$gem install fusioncharts-rails

Step 5: Include the FusionCharts library
Download the latest version of FusionCharts library. Once you have downloaded and extracted the files from the package, copy the JavaScript files in the vendor/assets/javascripts/fusioncharts/ folder and add the following code lines in the app/assets/javascripts/application.js file:

Part 3: Generating the controller and the view

Step 1: Generate the controller and the view
Use the following command to generate the controller and the view:
rails generate controller controller_name viewPage_name

Step 2: Create the chart
The controller file includes a default method, def <viewPage_name>, having the same name as the view page. This method connects the controller and the view. For our sample, because our view page is named index.html.erb, our method will be called def index. Copy the following code and paste it in the def index method:

The above code contains the chart attributes, that add aesthetics to the chart, making it look visually appealing.

Step 3: Render the view page
Next, add the following code in the view page, index.html.erb:

Here the render() method is used to render the above chart.

Now go to the path defined for the view page (automatically set at the time of creating the controller and the view) inside the config/routes.db to display the chart in browser.
e.g. http://localhost:3000/static_fusioncharts/index

If all the above steps have been followed as instructed, the output should look like the image shown below:
ruby on rails chart with fusioncharts
If you see any errors in your code or have trouble executing, click here to download the complete source code of the sample project we have created for this tutorial.

 

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